Following its adoption by the Civil Liberties, Justice & Home Affairs Committee of the European Parliament (LIBE) on 9 January 2014, a plenary meeting of the European Parliament proceeded to adopt the Asylum, Migration & Integration Fund (AMIF) for 2014-20 on 13 March 2014. Together with the Internal Security Fund (ISF), the AMIF is one of two new funds proposed by the European Commission to support activities in the area of home affairs. Both funds are proposed as part of the programme of funding for the implementation of EU policies during 2014-20 known as the Multi-annual Financial Framework (MFF) 2014-20. The AMIF combines the previous European Refugee Fund, European Return Fund and European Integration Fund implemented in the framework of the MFF for 2007-13. The AMIF must now be endorsed by the Council of the European Union before the programme is finally implemented by the European Commission.
What are the main provisions of the AMIF?
The AMIF has a total budget of €3.1billion for the period 2014-20. €2.7billion will be allocated to national programmes, of which 20% must be allocated to programmes that support legal migration and effective migrant integration, and a further 20% to asylum measures. €385million is collectively allocated to emergency and technical assistance, for example, in situations of extreme migratory pressure in one or more Member States, or in third countries where refugees are stranded; facilitating the European Migration Network; and supporting Union actions, effectively projects, activities and initiatives to promote EU cooperation on asylum, migration and integration.
What does the AMIF mean for refugee resettlement?
The AMIF includes measures to promote solidarity between Member States in the field of asylum, primarily by making specific funding available for refugee resettlement. Member States that receive resettled refugees submitted for resettlement consideration by UNHCR will be eligible for a lump sum of €6,000 per person arriving, rising to €10,000 per person for refugees from groups identified as priorities for EU resettlement. The 'Union Resettlement Programme', using the priority-setting framework established in the 2013 Joint EU Resettlement Programme, will determine priority refugee groups for European resettlement every two years during the period 2014-20. To be eligible to receive lump sums, Member States must pledge to receive specific numbers of refugees one year in advance of their programme being implemented. The European Commission and the European Asylum Support Office (EASO) will be jointly responsible, according to their respective competences, for monitoring the implementation of resettlement operations supported by the AMIF.
To access the press release of the European Parliament, click here.