YORKSHIRE & THE HUMBER
One of 9 official regions of the UK, and coterminous with the European constituency of the same name.
Population: 5.1 million
Major cities: Sheffield, Leeds, Bradford and Hull.
Sheffield is the second largest city in the Yorkshire and Humber region.
Economy: Historically built on steel industry. Affected by steep industrial decline of the 1980s and early 1990s, during which 25% of jobs in the city ceased to exist. Economic recovery since the mid-1990s, due to rapid growth of the service sector in the city (22% from 1995 to 2008). Current economic crisis has created severe economic and financial challenges for the city.
Universities: 58,500 students attend 2 Sheffield universities. 27.7% of the city’s population are educated to university level.
Asylum & migration context: Sheffield is a dispersal location within the national UK asylum dispersal programme which began in 2001. Significant migration from EU accession countries since 2004, in particular Roma from Slovakia and Polish nationals.
National City of Sanctuary movement, which aims to build a culture of hospitality for people seeking sanctuary in the UK, began in Sheffield in 2005. Sheffield City Council formally endorsed the aims of the movement in 2007, and Sheffield became the UK’s first official City of Sanctuary. City of Sanctuary groups are now present in 18 other UK towns and cities.
First UK city to establish a refugee resettlement programme in 2004. Sheffield City Council, British Refugee Council and local health and educational services deliver the 2011-14 programme in the city. Since 2004, 640 resettled refugees from Congo, Liberia, Burma (Karen/Kareni), Iraq, Somalia, Bhutan and Ethiopia have been received into the city of Sheffield.
Population: 264,000. Population declined by 5.3% during the period 1991-2001, but has now stabilised. Long-standing migrant populations and migrant movement through Hull due to port location. Asylum dispersal location since 2001.
Economy: Historically centred around seafaring, trade and fishing. Fishing industry began declined from the 1970s, but port has diversified to provide commercial shipping, European passenger ferry services and pilot energy initiatives. Employment further boosted by growing retail and leisure sectors.
University: 23,000 students attend Hull University.
Asylum & migration context: Hull became a dispersal location when the national asylum dispersal programme was established in 2001. Dispersal programme offered opportunities to boost the city’s population and revitalise housing in specific areas. A local City of Sanctuary movement was launched in Hull in 2010.
Local refugee resettlement programme established in 2006. Hull City Council, local health and educational services and British Refugee Council deliver the 2011-14 programme in the city. Since 2006, 523 resettled refugees from Congo and Burma (Karen/Kareni) have been received into the city.
The city of Bradford is located at the foot of the Pennine mountain range in West Yorkshire.
Population: Approximately 293,000. 28% of residents identify themselves as being from a minority ethnic background (high percentage compared to the UK average). Long-standing migrant communities, particularly those from Eastern Europe and South Asia who came to the city to work in the textile industry.
Economy: Historically strong textile industry, in decline from late 1980s onwards. Some new economic development since, including in financial services and engineering. Unemployment far higher than the UK average in some areas of the city.
Asylum & migration context: Bradford became a dispersal location when the national asylum dispersal programme was established in 2001. Decision motivated by presence of migrant populations and subsequent expertise in service provision for migrant groups within the city. In 2012, Bradford was formally recognised as a City of Sanctuary by the national movement.
Local refugee resettlement programme established in 2008. Programme delivered by Horton Housing Association, in conjunction with local health and educational services. Since 2008, 302 resettled refugees from Burma (Rohingya), Iraq, Bhutan and Somalia have been received into the city.